The alcohol word has its origin
in the Arabian language - the "al"
article and the "cohol" word - meaning a
When we talk about alcohol, we mean the ethylic
alcohol. The ethylic alcoholo formula is
C2H5OH. Ethylic alcohol's
The ethylic alcohol is a colorless, flammable
liquid in its pure shape, with a sour taste and a
78,30° Celsius boiling point, and burnes with a
blue flame. It can be mixed with water, methylic
alcohol, ether or other organic substances.
The alcohol results from the sugar and fruits,
cereals, potatoes strach fermentation. This
decomposition process is possible only when a
specific enzyme (ferment) called cozmase (the
beer yeast metabolism product) is present.
It is interesting to analyze the alcohol's
function related to the beer yeast. The beer
yeast has different enemies like the mould and
other glucofag micro-organisms, and uses alcohol
to kill them. This is the reason why alcoholic
drinks resulted from a natural fermentation
process, do no exceed more than 15% alcoholic
density. If this density is to high, the
micro-organsims that produce it die.
When fermentation products are distilated, the
result is a higher density alcoholic drinks.
The alcohol can also be synthetically produced
through a acetic aldehyde's catalytic
hydrogenation or ethylene's hydration. The
synthetic alcohol is used in chemical,
pharmaceutic and food industry.
Alcohol can result in nature without human
intervention. According to an African documentary
film, there are few exotic fruits that once they
fall down the tree, they start fermenting. Those
animals that eat these fermented fruits, display
obvious signs of drunkness.
Maybe, humans descovered the alcohol the same
way. However, there is a thousand years distance
between the moment when humans have descovered
the alcohol and the moment when they start
producing and consuming alcohol.
There are some sings that Cro-Magnon man
(starting with 40,000 b.c.) knew how to prepare
some fermentation drinks.
Similar fermentation drinks were deliberately
produced using water with honey (hydromel),
barley or mare milk during Mesolithic (between
year 10.000 and 5.000 b.c.) at the beginning of
the agriculture movement. This drinks were used
as aliments, gods tributes or during magic
The oldest historical documents that mention
alcoholic drinks dates from almost 6.000 years
ago. In old manuscripts from Mesopotamia, Egypt,
China, Greece and even in Bible, there are
evidences of the alcohol use and alcohol
The alcohol, as an ingredient, was produced later
around the year 1.000 when the distillation
technique was invented. This proves that
alcoholic drinks were produced starting with the
Middle Ages. Since then, the alcohol is also used
as a solvent.
We can conclude that alcohol was initially used
to reduce the antients fear in front of nature's
forces and life's incertitude, and to overcome
the interpersonal contact barriers. It seams that
alcoholism was not a major problem during antient
years, like it became during the last centuries
and in present.
I think is worthy to
ask ourselfs which are the conditions that lead
to an increased and widespread alcohol
consumption amoung the members from our society.