We, humans, try to improve our
environment, physical condition, the way we think
and behave, in order to feel comfortable and to
live a pleasant life.
According to the above schema, the substance consumptionseems
to be one of the options used to modify our
emotions and moods. Those substances that change
the behavior, conscience state and psychological
condition are called psychotropic
substances. In this category are
included drugs like marihuana and heroin,
tranquilizers, stimulators, and other substances
such as alcohol, tobacco and coffee.
The use of psychotropic
substances is a planned action that targets a
specific objective, and continuously interacts
with behavioral options and life circumstances.
However, any option used
to modify the mood can become an addiction.
Some people start using
psychotropic substances as medication during
early childhood, but the majority discovers them
during puberty or teenager years. Puberty or the
youth years is a difficult period characterised
by tumultous, external and internal crises. If
the emotions and moods are unpredictably and
unpleasant influenced by thoughts or social
pressure,the interiour balance should be
re-established through healthy strategies not
with psychotropic substances.
The alcohol is used as aliment
or psychoactive substance. It is
consumed in small amount by people that enjoy
tasting different alcoholic drinks or that
developed a habit. Alcoholic drinks are available
on the market and can be easily purchased, and
usually are consumed in social context. The
reasons why people drink are: the social
appreciation and the instant, pleasant effect of
the alcohol. Warning:a harmless alcohol
consumption can easily become abusive when used
for its relaxing and pleasant effect.
As aliment, 1g of alcohol has a
caloric power of 29kj. Even if the alcohol's
nutrition value is high, the alcohol does not
provide benefic substances needed in a healthy
and equilibrate diet. For example, 1 litre of
beer has a caloric power of 2,000kj covering 20%
of the daily energy of a man with a medium level
of physical effort labor. The same caloric power
is contained in 0,7l of win or 0,25l of strong
As a psychoactive substance,
alcohol is a sedative, like
barbiturics (Nembuthal, Secobarbital) and easy
tranquilizers (Meprobamat, Diazepam). A sedative
is a substance that decreases the central nervous
system's activity, changing the behavior,
conscience state and mental disposition.
Even if the alcohol is consumed for its
relaxation effect, for its taste or from habit,
it has a sedative effect on the central nervous
system's activity. That's the reason why alcohol
sold as medication (various pain killers,
tranquilizers) can work as a false cure for all
kinds of symptoms and indispositions.
Unfortunately, the alcohol is not
perceived as a drug, and is seen as an essential
part of our life, culture and economy.
Many people can keep under control their normal
consumption of alcohol and avoid its negative
effects, but others unnoticeably slip into an
addiction, paying this price with their health
and even their lives.
Harmful alcohol effects
on the human body are more expected if the
average amount of alcohol exceeds 40 grams of
pure alcohol per day.